Breast Reduction, also known as “reduction mammaplasty”, is a surgical procedure applied to patients whose breasts are saggy or larger than normal. In addition to aesthetic concerns, it can also be done due to medical problems. If the patients’ breasts are structurally large or if the sagging of breasts has started after the breastfeeding period, a solution can be provided with breast reduction surgery.
This operation also prevents conditions such as wounds under the breast, shoulder and back pain caused by the size of the breasts. The average duration of the operation is 2.5-4 hours, depending on the patient’s breast size. Lollipop or inverted T incision methods are used in the surgery. The operation, which is performed by removing breast and skin tissue, leaves small sutures and incisions. However, these will return to the colour of the skin within 3-4 months and become completely unclear.
What are the Steps for a Breast Reduction Surgery?
Breast reduction is applied to patients who complain about the size of their breasts. Reasons such as not looking symmetrical, anxiety in connection with beauty, not being able to find clothes, sagging etc. cause people to have this surgery. Infection under the breasts, rash, wound or fungus formation, neck, back and shoulder pain, risk of humpback, wounds due to bra straps and similar factors are also medical reasons for breast reduction surgery. The aim of the operation is to obtain an aesthetic and symmetrical breast of equal size, in accordance with the patient’s wishes, and to leave as little scar as possible while doing this.
During the operation, the skin and the fat tissue in the breasts are removed. People under the age of 20 are not eligible for this operation, except for medical necessity. The surgery, which is performed under general anaesthesia, is performed with inverted T incision or lollipop incision methods. While deciding which method to use, the position of the areola according to the breast curve, breast size, skin structure, breast tissue, and distance between the shoulder, hip and the areola are taken into consideration.
If the lollipop incision method is preferred, the area around the areola is incised circularly and excess skin and breast tissue are removed. If necessary, the areola is moved up. After the skin is closed, a drain is placed in the area. This plays a major role in expelling the blood accumulated in the breast and accelerating the healing process. Drains are removed within 24-48 hours.
The incision created while applying the inverted T incision method is made on the underside of the breast and is in the form of an inverted T. Excess breast tissue and skin are removed. Then the operation is completed as in the first method. Sutures are removed in the second week and special creams help reduce scars.